Researchers Develop Novel Method to Enhance Scratch Resistance of Automotive Coatings
- Aug 2, 2012
TEHRAN (INIC) -- A team of Iranian researchers consisted of experts from Amirkabir University of Technology and Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr Branch, have recently come up with a new method to increase the scratch resistance of automotive clear-coats.
During the recent decades, there has been a great deal of efforts to improve the resistance of automotive clear-coats against the abrasive and erosive wear. As a result, a number of techniques have been proposed for this purpose. A recent example of the latter involves the use of silicon-based additives to give better the anti-scratching quality to the applied surfaces.
The mentioned researchers have managed to integrate 40 nm modified silica nanoparticles into an acrylic/melamine clear-coat to obtain superiority in terms of scratch resistance. In addition and as a subsidiary part of their study, they have established an innovative routine to investigate the scratch morphology and characteristics by means of gonio-spectrophotometry.
According to the results of this experimental research, the implementation of nano-sized particles let the achievement of higher degrees of improvement in the properties compared to the conventional silicon-based additives. In other words, the nanoparticles would influence the curing process of the coating and form a particles/coating physical network which resists against scratches.
Based on the conducted research, the addition of the nanoparticles not only increases the hardness, elasticity modulus, and toughness of the coating but also lowers its network density and converts the scratch morphology from fracture type to plastic type (self-healing capability). Consequently, these improvements together bring about durability in the performance of the automotive clear-coats and assist to maintain their visual appearance.
An elaborate report discussing the details of this research work has been published in Progress in Organic Coatings, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2011, pages 541-552.
About the INIC
Iran has recognized the significance of nanotechnology like other pioneering countries and started its activities in line with development of the technology. In this regard and as first step, a Study Committee for Nanotechnology in Iran began its activities in 2001 and finally Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC) was established in the country in 2003.
The INIC is tasked with determining the general policies for the development of nanotechnology in the country and pursuing the case with implementation of the policies.
Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council is seeking to pave the ground for activity of the private sector and production of wealth within the society through adopting outlook, providing facilities, creating market and removing the existing problems.
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